Baruch Spinoza

Lens grinder.


What is the Universe made of?

Whatsoever is, is in God, and without God nothing can be, or be conceived.

July 15, 2018

What is the origin of good?

Self-preservation is the primary and only foundation of virtue.

July 15, 2018

What is the origin of evil?

I should attempt to treat human vice and folly geometrically - the passions of hatred, anger, envy, and so on, considered in themselves, follow from the necessity and efficacy of nature.

July 15, 2018

Is there free will?

This is that human freedom, which all boast that they possess, and which consists solely in the fact, that men are conscious of their own desire, but are ignorant of the causes whereby that desire has been determined.

July 15, 2018

What is the nature of the mind?

The less the mind understands and the more things it perceives, the greater its power of feigning is. And the more things it understands, the more that power is diminished.

July 15, 2018

How do you find happiness?

All happiness or unhappiness solely depends upon the quality of the object to which we are attached by love.

July 15, 2018

What happens after death?

The human Mind cannot be absolutely destroyed with the Body, but something of it remains which is eternal.

July 15, 2018